US-GLOBEC Satellite Data 

Synopsis: Satellite-derived Advanced Very-High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sea surface temperature (SST) images for the US GLOBEC NW Atlantic Georges Bank program have been processed using a domain (combined Gulf of Maine & Georges Bank) bounded by 39.114° to 45.504° N latitude and 63.510° to 72.156° W longitude. Daily 512 × 512 pixel images originated from various NOAA polar-orbiting satellites, and were collected continuously, between 1 October 1993 through 18 December 2003 at a nominal resolution of 1.4 km. Image center latitude and longitude are 42.309° N latitude and 67.830° W longitude. The slope and y-intercept for converting 8-bit image byte values to SST (°C) using a linear equation are 0.125°C per count and 0°C.

Summary of NOAA Polar-Orbiting Satellite by Year
 
Year Satellite Platform
1993 NOAA-11
1994 NOAA-11 (Jan - Sep), NOAA-9 (Sep - Dec)
1995 NOAA-9, NOAA-14
1996 NOAA-14
1997 NOAA-14
1998 NOAA-14
1999 NOAA-14, NOAA-15 (starting in Dec)
2000 NOAA-14, NOAA-15 (Jan - Jul), NOAA-16 (Oct - Dec)
2001 NOAA-14 (mostly bad), NOAA-15 (Oct - Dec), NOAA-16
2002 NOAA-14 (mostly bad), NOAA-15 (Jan - Oct), NOAA-16
2003 NOAA-16, NOAA-17

Notes:

  1. All images were precision navigated (geo-located) by a trained analyst to within 1-2 pixels (1.4-2.8 km) using a standard coastline for the region. Original image data files were in University of Miami XDR04 format, consisting of an 8-bit, 512 X 512 pixel binary image, preceded by three 512-byte header records. The size of each image file (in uncompressed form) was ~250 Kbytes.
  2. Until July 2012 image data files were stored uncompressed and converted from XDR04 format to .gif images (pictures) via Ferret “on-the-fly” for display by a standard browser. Beginning 29 July 2012, .gif images (pictures) are served from image data files converted to .gif images in a one-time batch operation.

 

NSF Pioneer Array Satellite-Derived SST Data Images 

Synopsis: Satellite-derived Advanced Very-High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sea surface temperature (SST) images centered on the National Science Foundation’s Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) “Pioneer” array located south of Martha’s Vineyard have been processed using a domain for the Middle Atlantic Bight (MAB) region bounded by 36.635° to 43.025° N latitude and 66.428° to 75.072° W longitude. Daily 512 × 512 pixel images originating from various NOAA polar-orbiting satellites, have been collected continuously from 22 June 2012 to present at a nominal resolution of 1.4 km. Image center latitude and longitude are 39.830° N latitude and 70.750° W longitude. The slope and y-intercept for converting 8-bit image byte values to SST (°C) using a linear equation are 0.125°C per count and 0°C.

Summary of NOAA Polar-Orbiting Satellite by Year
 
Year Satellite Platform
2012 NOAA-16, NOAA-18, NOAA-19
2013 NOAA-16, NOAA-18, NOAA-19
2014 NOAA-18, NOAA-19

Notes:

  1. All images were precision navigated (geo-located) by a trained analyst to within 1-2 pixels (1.4-2.8 km) using a standard coastline for the region. The size of each image file (in uncompressed form) is ~250K bytes.
  2. All images (pictures) are served from .gif images created from binary image data files converted using a one-time batch operation.

 

Western North Atlantic Satellite Data Description (2004 to 2013) 

Synopsis: Satellite-derived Advanced Very-High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sea surface temperature (SST) images covering the western North Atlantic ocean from Florida to the Labrador Sea covers the region bounded by 24.499° to 57.566° N latitude and 38.798° to 82.448° W longitude. Daily 2048 × 2048 pixel images originating from various NOAA polar-orbiting satellites, have been collected continuously from approximately 2004 to present at a nominal resolution of 1.8 km. Image center latitude and longitude are 41.000° N latitude and 60.580° W longitude. The slope and y-intercept for converting 8-bit image byte values to SST (°C) using a linear equation are 0.125°C per count and 0°C.

 

NASA/NOAA Pathfinder Monthly Mean SST Images (January 1985 to December 1999) 

Synopsis: Satellite-derived monthly mean sea surface temperature (SST) images covering a region from south of Cape Hatteras to Charlottetown, Newfoundland in the north and the Flemish Cap in the East (longitude and latitude are: -78E to -41E and 30N to 56N). Images have been "declouded". Coastline, 100m and 200m bathymetry have been added.

 

Data Provider:

Dr. James J. Bisagni
Department of Estuarine & Ocean Sciences
School for Marine Science & Technology
University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
200 Mill Rd., Suite 325
Fairhaven, MA 02719
Telephone: (508) 910-6328
Email: jbisagni@umassd.edu.

SMAST Home
An Official University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Web Page/Publication. © 2012 Board of Trustees of the University of Massachusetts.
UMass Dartmouth • School for Marine Science and Technology • 706 Rodney French Blvd • New Bedford, MA 02744-1221
Phone: 508 999-8193 • Fax: 508 999-8197
UMass Dartmouth Home SMAST Home